Major League Baseball (MLB) ist der Baseball-Verband, der den Spielbetrieb der beiden nordamerikanischen Baseball-Profiligen organisiert – der National. 4. Okt. Die New York Yankees haben das Wildcard Game der American League mit gegen die Oakland Athletics für sich entschieden. Superstar. Wählen Sie Ihr MLB-Lieblingsteam aus der American League und stöbern Sie durch unser Shop-Sortiment.
George Herman "Babe" Ruth — , noted as one of the most prolific hitters in Major League Baseball history, spent the majority of his career in the American League with the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees plus his first year with his hometown team, the Baltimore Orioles of the minor level International League.
The American League has one notable difference versus the rival National League , in that in modern times since it has had the designated hitter rule.
Under the rule, a team may use a batter in its lineup who is not in the field defensively, replacing the pitcher in the batting order, compared to the old rule that made it mandatory for the pitcher to bat.
In the last two decades, the season schedule has allowed occasional interleague play. Until the late s, league umpires working behind home plate wore large, balloon-style chest protectors worn outside the shirt or coat, while their brethren in the National League wore chest protectors inside the shirt or coat.
In , new umpires including Steve Palermo had to wear the inside chest protector, although those on staff wearing the outside protector could continue to do so.
In , the league, along with the National League, reorganized again, into three divisions East, West, and Central and added a third round to the playoffs in the form of the American League Division Series , with the best second-place team advancing to the playoffs as a wild-card team, in addition to the three divisional champions.
An odd number of teams per league meant that at least one team in each league would have to be idle on any given day, or alternatively that odd team out would have had to play an interleague game against its counterpart in the other league.
The initial plan was to have three five-team divisions per league with inter league play year-round—possibly as many as 30 interleague games per team each year.
For various reasons, it soon seemed more practical to have an even number of teams in both leagues. Following the move of the Houston Astros , which had been in the NL for 51 years since beginning as an expansion team in , to the American League in , both leagues now consist of 15 teams, a far cry from their original 8 for the first half-century of the 20th century.
For the first 96 years, American League teams faced their National League counterparts only in exhibition games or in the World Series.
Beginning in , interleague games have been played during the regular season and count in the standings. As part of the agreement instituting interleague play, the designated-hitter rule is used only in games where the American League team is the home team.
There were eight charter teams in , the league's first year as a major league, and the next year the original Milwaukee Brewers moved to St. Louis to become the St.
These franchises constituted the league for 52 seasons, until the Browns moved to Baltimore and took up the name Baltimore Orioles.
All eight original franchises remain in the American League, although only four remain in the original cities Detroit, Chicago, Boston, and Cleveland.
The eight original teams and their counterparts in the "Classic Eight" were:. Following the season, the American and National Leagues were merged with Major League Baseball, and the leagues ceased to exist as business entities.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History of the American League. Major League Baseball relocation of s—60s. The Indianapolis and Minneapolis teams were replaced by teams in Baltimore and Philadelphia in , but it is unclear and disputed as to which team went where.
Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved March 9, Archived from the original on July 23, Retrieved July 20, Retrieved August 25, Retrieved July 23, Due to material restrictions, baseballs were reused, unlike the previous years where the baseball's "sanitary" integrity was kept.
Over the last half of the 20th century, the league expanded and teams changed locales. Louis Browns relocated to Baltimore, Maryland and became the " Baltimore Orioles " in the very first time a team actually moved east instead of south or west.
After the season, the Washington Senators moved to Minneapolis to become the " Minnesota Twins ". Two expansion teams began play in the AL for the season, the Los Angeles Angels and a new version of the Washington Senators not to be confused with the aforementioned franchise.
Two more expansion teams then began league play in , the Kansas City Royals and the Seattle Pilots. The Senators then relocated to the Dallas—Fort Worth metropolitan area and were renamed the " Texas Rangers " after the season.
Before the season, the Milwaukee Brewers shifted to the National League while an expansion team, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays began play, eventually shortening their name to simply the " Tampa Bay Rays " before the season.
In the years before the Designated hitter rule was implemented, the American League was heavily outscored by the National League.
The old rule had the pitcher in the batting lineup. The National League still uses the old rule. Scoring in the American League jumped 23 percent and the "experimental" tag was dropped.
Up 27 percent from the year before, the American League was still losing the attendance race to the National League after the implementation of the rule.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Northwestern League and Western League original. The arrival of the American League: Ban Johnson and the challenge to National League monopoly.
Retrieved July 8, The Idea Logical Company, Inc. Archived from the original on January 14, The New York Times.
Retrieved March 23, Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved March 24, The Ultimate Book of Baseball Teams. University Press of Kentucky , p.
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